Strangles in Three Wisconsin Counties

The cases are located in Fond du Lac, Dane and Walworth counties.
Three strangles cases have been confirmed in Wisconsin horses living in Fond du Lac, Dane and Walworth counties.
Three strangles cases have been confirmed in Wisconsin horses living in Fond du Lac, Dane and Walworth counties. | Wikimedia Commons

Three horses in Wisconsin have been confirmed positive for strangles. The horses live in Fond du Lac, Dane and Walworth counties. 

In Fond du Lac County, a weanling Quarter Horse colt was confirmed positive on September 8 after developing a fever and nasal discharge on September 7. Two additional cases are suspected. 

In Dane County, one horse is confirmed positive, and investigation is ongoing. In Walworth County, a 25-year-old mare was confirmed positive on September 25 after developing clinical signs on September 14, including oral lesions, dysphagia and fever. Six additional cases are suspected, and 30 horses are exposed.

EDCC Health Watch is an Equine Network marketing program that utilizes information from the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) to create and disseminate verified equine disease reports. The EDCC is an independent nonprofit organization that is supported by industry donations in order to provide open access to infectious disease information.

About Strangles

Strangles in horses is an infection caused by Streptococcus equi subspecies equi and spread through direct contact with other equids or contaminated surfaces. Horses that aren’t showing clinical signs can harbor and spread the bacteria, and recovered horses remain contagious for at least six weeks, with the potential to cause outbreaks long-term.

Infected horses can exhibit a variety of clinical signs:

  • Fever
  • Swollen and/or abscessed lymph nodes
  • Nasal discharge
  • Coughing or wheezing
  • Muscle swelling
  • Difficulty swallowing

Veterinarians diagnose horses using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing with either a nasal swab, wash, or an abscess sample, and they treat most cases based on clinical signs, implementing antibiotics for severe cases. Overuse of antibiotics can prevent an infected horse from developing immunity. Most horses make a full recovery in three to four weeks.

A vaccine is available but not always effective. Biosecurity measures of quarantining new horses at a facility and maintaining high standards of hygiene and disinfecting surfaces can help lower the risk of outbreak or contain one when it occurs.

Brought to you by Boehringer Ingelheim, The Art of the Horse
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